What the $2 trillion stimulus means for you — and how the ‘recovery rebates’ to households will be calculated

The Trump administration and senators voted unanimously to pass a $2 trillion stimulus deal that would cut $1,200 checks to many adults, expand unemployment insurance payments and extend loans to businesses, all in an effort to combat the coronavirus outbreak’s toll on the economy. The Senate voted late Wednesday to pass the bill. Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat, has also pledged to quickly pass the measure in the House.

The bill will also allocate $350 billion in loans to small businesses to help keep them afloat during the weeks (or more) when many businesses are closed in an effort to stop the spread of the novel coronavirus. It will also give $100 billion to help hospitals that are either struggling to cope with the influx of patients or braced for a surge in coronavirus patients. The government will also provide a $500 billion fund, which will include $46 billion for commercial airlines, among other industries, and $454 billion for the Federal Reserve to leverage businesses, states and municipalities.

As for consumers, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin on Wednesday said that direct payments to many Americans under the stimulus bill would come within three weeks. Other commentators have said it may take longer than that. You can read text of bill here. Here some specifics on the “recovery rebates” in the bill:

Taxpayers making $75,000 and below will receive a $1,200 check. Married couples making $150,000 and below will receive $2,400. Individuals and couples under this earnings cap would also receive $500 per child. “For the vast majority of Americans, no action on their part will be required in order to receive a rebate check,” according to the bill analysis from Grassley’s office.

The money does not count as taxable income. A Republican Finance Committee aide said also said people filing as “head of household” on their taxes – meaning they are unmarried, have children or dependents and pay more than half of their household expenses — will get the $1,200 check if making $112,500 and below.

The earnings threshold is measured by adjusted gross income. That is, gross income, minus deductions. (The adjusted gross income number is on Box 7 in a person’s 1040 form.)

Those receiving Social Security benefits will be eligible, according to an analysis of the bill from Sen. Charles Grassley, a Republican from Iowa. Green card holders, in addition to citizens, qualify for the check, the Republican Finance Committee aide noted.

The checks phase out for incomes above $75,000 a year. That’s capped for individuals making above $99,000 a year. For married couples, income of $198,000 a year is the cap and, for people filing as the head of household, it’s $146,500 a year, according to the analysis from Grassley’s office.

The IRS will transmit the payment via a direct deposit. It will use the bank-account information from the taxpayer’s 2018 or 2019 return. Tax season for the 2019 return is open until July 15. The Treasury Department pushed back both the income tax payment and filing deadlines from April 15 to July 15 to free up cash individuals and businesses might need now.

U.S. stocks

SPX, +1.15%,

which soared Tuesday on rising expectations for the $2 trillion deal, traded higher on Wednesday, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average

DJIA, +2.39%

 up nearly 500 points after an up-and-down start to the day.

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