Archives February 2020

Carnivirus | Seeking Alpha

The worst thing about a cataclysmic weather event, or a single-stranded-RNA virus that wipes out the species is… it might impact the economy. Take my eyes, but don’t let the NASDAQ breach 8,000!

That’s how it feels, no? In a capitalist society, good or bad, the first words out of Lester Holt’s mouth will be about the market plunge. The last 3 minutes of the show will be a touching story about a dog that helps wounded warriors make breakfast. National sacrifice and devastating injury are meaningful, but Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL) dipping below $180 is profound. On Thursday, the markets registered their largest recorded one-day drop, plunging to levels not seen since… 4 months ago.

So, as I too opt to ignore the non-carbonated plague inspiring mayors of major cities to declare a state of emergency, I planned on visiting several hot zones Friday night. I’ll have dinner at Indochine, then hit The Blond (a lounge where I feel old), and then another lounge called Casablanca, where I should feel really old, but will be 4 Maker’s & Gingers deep and will feel like I belong… right there, right now. In-between acts of arrested adolescence and suppressing the sum of all my fears, I distract myself by thinking about the markets.

Bright Side

Let’s be clear, the NASDAQ dropping is a bummer for old people, who own most of the market. But it’s an opportunity for young people, who would also someday like the chance to buy a home for less than $2,000/sq ft or shares in Amazon (NASDAQ:AMZN) below 50x earnings. So where is the opportunity? Two ways to play it — defense and offense. I’ll talk about offense next week.

Defense: Find great companies on sale whose business, short term, may be significantly impacted, but whose fundamental value proposition is largely unchanged and will enjoy a disco-like recovery.

Example: Carnival Cruises (NYSE:CCL).

I’ve never been on a cruise, and I’m planning on not taking a cruise every year for the rest of my life. But despite stories of cruisers being quarantined on a docked ship and images of people being removed on stretchers, I don’t see anything getting in the way of cruising. By the way, 3,700 people trapped in a contaminated box for 39 days (4 deaths so far) is terrifying. But it seems oddly normal that in the US we have half a million people in prison due to nonviolent drug offenses and another half million who haven’t been convicted or sentenced but just couldn’t make bail. But I digress.

There are neighborhoods in every city (the Marina District in SF, the Upper West Side in NYC, the Buckhead in Atlanta) where you live in the city, but don’t really live in the city. These are all one affluent neighborhood, divided among several cities. Cruises offer a similar opportunity to travel without really having to travel. Most cruise ships are the Radisson Chicago, minus the charm, roaming the Earth at a jogger’s pace.

The cruise industry is the fastest-growing segment in the leisure travel market with demand increasing 62% between 2005 and 2015. And cruisers just want to keep on cruising. 92% of cruisers will book a cruise as their next vacation.

Carnival has reported accelerating revenue growth for the last four years and 40% gross margins.

Demographic Shift

Sound travels 4 times faster through water than air. In general, cruise lines offer a similar ROI relative to other transportation firms. Peter Drucker said that all great businesses are powered by a demographic shift. The Queen Elizabeth 2 has two huge variable-pitch propellers, each with a diameter of 22 feet and weighing 43 tons. The propellers of the cruise industry are an ageing population and consumers’ desire for less choice and frictionless leisure.

Rookie marketers make the mistake of thinking choice is a good thing. Choice is a tax on your time and attention. Consumers don’t want more choice, but more confidence in the choices presented. Customers want someone else to do the research and curate the options for them. You could try to merchandise a better itinerary on a boat through Southeast Asia (hotels, meals, activities, planes, trains, cars), or you could let someone else figure it out for you.

In addition, the largest transfer payment in the history of mankind has become one of the biggest corporate subsidies in history. Social Security is a transfer of wealth from the young to the old that costs more than the defense budgets of the US and Europe combined.

The $1 trillion we spend on Social Security each year takes senior poverty rates from 38% to 10% percent. So, is Social Security the most successful program in history, reflecting well on our society, or the meteor heading for our economy? The answer is yes. Social Security lifts 7% of Americans (28% of the elderly) out of poverty. Put another way, we spend $50,000 a year per person to lift 20 million people above the poverty line.

Twice that — 37.2 million people, including 18% of the nation’s children — live in food-insecure homes. Home instability in turn leads to double the cortisol levels of children in secure homes, which leads to poor academic performance, which leads to lower professional success. In contrast to Social Security, we don’t leave $400 of groceries every week on the porch of every household that has children. Why? Because kids don’t vote.

Why are we stealing time and work (i.e., money) from future generations? Because mostly old, mostly white people, mostly in Iowa, New Hampshire, and other predominantly white and old states, determine who is elected president and write the script for politicians’ narrative. The greatest threat facing our society is not income inequality or climate change, but generational inequality. We have legislated theft from young people, which leads to loss of faith in democracy, the rise of fascists and socialists, and defunds governments, who are our best hope to counter climate change and income inequality.

So in the spirit of CNBC displacing the front page of the NYT (money trumps humanity), let’s return to the all-important topic of how we make cabbage from this pandemic. For 70% of seniors Social Security isn’t the hand lifting them from poverty, but upgrading Nana and PopPop from Carnival to Princess. One of two people on a cruise are on a Carnival Inc. boat (they own Princess, Cunard, Aida, Costa, Holland America Line, P&O, and Seabourn). The stock has been understandably hit hard by fears about COVID-19. The firm trades at a single-digit p/e ratio and offers a 6% dividend.

The deepest pocket in the world has more people every day reaching into it and spending the Bisquick on cruises, including truffle hunting in Croatia (SeaDream Yacht Club), snorkeling with Sea Dragons (Holland America), or Braving the Elements with Penguins (Silversea Cruises). People believe that cruising is the domain of the old, as they have different preferences. No, it’s because people sub-40 don’t have the money to pay someone to carry their backpack up the Inca Trail.

Unregulated monopolies and firms subsidized by the deepest pocket in history — the US government — are the only companies young people should invest in. Millennials, celebrate tonight and hope the markets continue their rational decline. This might offer you a shadow of the opportunity that people swimming with sharks have enjoyed the last 50 years.

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Editor’s Note: The summary bullets for this article were chosen by Seeking Alpha editors.

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United Airlines sharply cuts flights to Asia, cancels investor day By Reuters

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – United Airlines Holdings Inc (O:) said on Friday it was sharply cutting flights to Japan and South Korea, as travelers worried about the coronavirus outbreak slash ticket purchases for those destinations.

It also canceled its investor day that had been due to be held on March 5.

With investors firmly focused on how the company is managing the near-term impact of the coronavirus, United said it was not “practical to expect that it can have a productive conversation focused on its long-term strategy next week.”

The event will be rescheduled for September.

Chicago-based United already withdrew its 2020 guidance this week due to uncertainty over the duration and spread of the virus. It warned that near-term demand to China has almost disappeared, with demand for the rest of its trans-Pacific routes down by 75%.

As a result, the company is temporarily reducing flights from the U.S. mainland to Tokyo, Osaka, Singapore and Seoul and extending the suspension of U.S. flights to mainland China and Hong Kong through April 30, it said on Friday.

The airline is cutting about two thirds of its flights to Seoul, nearly a third of flights to Japan and 40% of flights to Singapore. It is also flying smaller planes on some routes.

Among U.S. airlines, United has the biggest international exposure, drawing about 40% of its revenues from overseas flights.

Earlier this week, Delta cut South Korea flights in half, citing the outbreak.

United shares fell 5.2% on Friday, amid a widespread global share rout, and are down 21% over the last week.

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Stock market’s ‘fear index’ may have just flashed a buy signal

Did the VIX just flash a contrarian buy signal? I’m referring, of course, to the CBOE’s well-known volatility index.

VIX, +2.43%

  Considered by many to be the U.S. stock market’s “fear index,” the VIX is widely interpreted in a contrarian way: High levels indicate widespread fear, and therefore thought to be a positive sign — while low levels indicate widespread complacency, which is negative.

That’s why contrarians began to take notice in late February when, in the wake of the stock market’s plunge, the VIX soared to near 50. That’s the highest it’s been since 2011, and higher than almost 99% of all daily readings over the past three decades. (These historical comparisons are based on the VIX’s closing, rather than intraday levels.)

Unfortunately, this contrarian interpretation of the VIX leaves much to be desired. The stock market has produced higher returns, on average, when the VIX has been low than when it has been high.

This is illustrated in the chart below, which reflects what I found upon dividing all days since 2000 into two equal-sized groups: The first contained all days in which the VIX was below its median, and the second contained the 50% of days with above-median readings. On average, as you can see, the Wilshire 5000 index performed better in the wake of below-median VIX readings than subsequent to above-median readings.

This makes sense. While it’s true that the highest VIX readings are followed by strong market gains, it’s also the case that during the days and weeks preceding those VIX highs the market performs terribly. To celebrate the strong gains following those VIX peaks is to focus on only half of the story. It’s as if a mountain climber considered only how easy it is to climb down from the peak, while conveniently forgetting the effort required to climb up.

This has been abundantly illustrated by the market’s recent behavior. As recently as mid-February, the VIX was trading below 14, putting it in the 25th percentile of all daily readings since 1990. Even if the current VIX reading near 50 marks the high during this decline, we can’t overlook the almost 15% decline in the S&P 500

SPX, -0.82%

 that took place while the VIX more than tripled to get to near 50.

Furthermore, we can’t know until after the fact how high the VIX will go before it peaks, which is another way of saying we can’t know how far the market will drop before it starts to rally. Prior to the Great Financial Crisis, for example, the VIX’s all-time high had been 45.74. So when the VIX rose to that level in September 2008, contrarian followers of the VIX considered it to be a buy signal. As fate would have it, however, the VIX didn’t finally hit its peak until it was near 90 in late October 2008, or almost double the previous all-time high. The bear market didn’t finally come to an end until the subsequent March.

Not all is lost when interpreting the VIX, however. That’s because there are ways of slicing and dicing the data to get greater insight than is afforded by focusing on the index itself.

The particular way of viewing the VIX that has shown promise is known as “purification.” It was devised by David Aronson, author of Evidence-Based Technical Analysis and co-author (with Dr. Timothy Masters) of Statistically Sound Machine Learning for Algorithmic Trading of Financial Instruments. The general idea is to see if the VIX at any given time is higher or lower than you’d otherwise expect, given the market’s recent behavior.

It’s that unexpected portion of the VIX that tells you whether there is excessive optimism or pessimism. It might be, for example, that the market has fallen far and fast enough, and/or been volatile enough, that you’d expect the VIX to jump to high levels. In that case, per Aronson’s research, you wouldn’t ascribe any particular contrarian significance to the high VIX level.

What story is the “purified” VIX telling us now? In an email after the close on Feb. 27, Aronson said that this modified VIX is indicating that there is excessive pessimism and fear right now, and therefore “a market bottom is… very near.”

Mark Hulbert is a regular contributor to MarketWatch. His Hulbert Ratings tracks investment newsletters that pay a flat fee to be audited. He can be reached at

More: What it means that the S&P 500’s yield is now so much higher than the Treasury’s 10-year yield

Also read: Stocks’ plunge through a key support level could set up a quick market rebound

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Canadian Western Bank (CBWBF) CEO Chris Fowler on Q1 2020 Results – Earnings Call Transcript

Canadian Western Bank (OTCPK:CBWBF) Q1 2020 Results Earnings Conference Call February 27, 2020 11:00 AM ET

Company Participants

Matt Rudd – Senior Vice President, Finance & Investor Relations

Chris Fowler – President & CEO

Carolyn Graham – CFO

Conference Call Participants

Meny Grauman – Cormark Securities

Gabriel Dechaine – National Bank Financial

Doug Young – Desjardins

Nigel D’Souza – Veritas Investment Research


Good morning. My name is Jessica and I will be your conference operator today. At this time, I would like to welcome everyone to the Canadian Western Bank’s Q1 Earnings Conference Call and Webcast. All lines have been placed on mute to prevent any background noise. After the speakers’ remarks, there will be a question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] Thank you.

Mr. Matt Rudd, you may begin your conference.

Matt Rudd

Thank you, Jessica, and good morning, everyone, and welcome to our first quarter 2020 financial results conference call. My name is Matt Rudd and I’m the Senior Vice President leading our Finance and Investor Relations teams.

Presenting to you today are Chris Fowler, our President and Chief Executive Officer, and Carolyn Graham, our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer.

I would like to remind listeners and webcast participants that statements about future events made on this call are forward looking in nature and based on certain assumptions and analysis made by management. Actual results could differ materially from expectations due to various risks and uncertainties associated with our business. For more information, refer to our forward-looking statement advisory on slide number 16.

The agenda for today’s call is on the second slide. And with that I will turn the call over to Chris.

Chris Fowler

Thank you, Matt. I’ll begin with comments on the continued execution of our transformational strategy and Carolyn will follow with detail on our first quarter financial results. I will then discuss our ongoing strategic priorities and outlook for the remainder of the year before we close with the question-and-answer session.

I’m pleased to report that we’re off to a great start to what will be a transformational year for CWB. Our strategic priorities remain on track and we are focused to deliver strong financial results that leverage the strategic investments we’ve made. Our targeted growth this quarter demonstrates progress to our goal to become the best full-service bank for business owners in Canada. We are benefitting from our continued investments to enhance our in-person and digital capabilities and strengthen our full-service client experience.

Robust growth in branch-raised deposits was supported by our focus on further improvements to our client experience and resulted in a continued reduction in higher-cost brokered deposits. This growth reflects on-strategy performance for our full-service banking branches, Motive Financial, and CWB Trust Services. We also generated very strong new lending in our strategically-targeted general commercial portfolio. With ongoing profitable growth and strong capital ratios, we are pleased to provide shareholders with a $0.01 increase to the common share dividend compared to last quarter and $0.02 higher than last year.

Our strategy for long-term value creation is to solve for the un-met banking needs of Canadian entrepreneurs. We intend to become a disruptive force in Canadian financial services and a clear, full-service alternative for Canadian business owners. We are advancing our digital strategy and investing in our people and culture. We continue to enhance our operating model and make our core processes smoother and better for our clients. This includes continued streamlining of lending administration activities to more efficiently support higher levels of growth in client service.

As you’ll see on Slide 5, we continued to execute against our strategic priorities on all fronts. We have moved into the final stages of preparation to submit our AIRB application with regulatory approval expected within fiscal 2020. With approval, we anticipate a reduction in risk-weighted assets calculated using the AIRB, rather than standardized approach, to increase our regulatory capital ratios. On an ongoing basis, AIRB approval will support an acceleration of our organic growth rate or allow us to consider other uses of capital, such as acquisitions or common share repurchases, while remaining conservatively capitalized.

This quarter we announced enhancements to our digital capabilities to accelerate our strategy to improve our client experience and fuel higher levels of client growth. The announcements included our partnership with Temenos to replace our current online banking platform with seamless, end-to-end digital banking experiences for the owners of small and medium sized businesses; a new fully digital group RRSP offering and non-registered product through CWB Trust Services to expand our addressable market; and a partnership between CWB National Leasing and’s equipment listing site to allow prospective clients to access a digital online financing application powered by CWB National Leasing.

We look forward to our first full-service branch in Ontario opening this spring. Together with our investments in digital capabilities, the Mississauga branch will enable our teams to deliver our uniquely proactive full-service client experience to business owners in key Ontario markets through both personal and digital channels.

This quarter we transferred our wealth management business to Stephen Murphy, our EVP Banking, to integrate our client offering of banking and wealth services. CWB has a unique opportunity to add value at every stage of a business owner’s journey from managing cashflow today to building wealth for tomorrow.

We are proud of the progress our teams have made to align our culture with our ambitious strategic agenda and enhance our employee experience to create value for our people. We continue to be recognized as a career destination for top talent. This quarter we celebrated being named one of the Best Workplaces in Alberta to complement last fall’s certification as a Great Place to Work Canada. CWB National Leasing was recognized as one of Canada’s most admired corporate cultures, one of Canada’s top 100 employers, and one of Manitoba’s top employers.

While making progress on our business transformation agenda, we achieved robust growth in branchraised deposits and very strong growth in strategically-targeted general commercial loans. Our ongoing initiatives will position us to deliver breakout growth and maximize value creation for our upcoming capital transformation.

I will now turn the call over to Carolyn, who will provide more detail on our first quarter financial performance.

Carolyn Graham

Thank you, Chris, and good morning. Our performance highlights for the quarter are on Slide 6. Compared to the first quarter last year, common shareholders’ net income and pretax, pre-provision income were up 8% and 1%, respectively. First quarter total revenue was up 4% compared to last year, driven by 4% higher net interest income that benefitted from 7% loan growth, partially offset by a 7 basis point decrease in net interest margin. Non-interest expenses were up 6%, driven by a 9% increase in salaries and benefits, combined with 5% growth in premises and equipment expenses. Higher salaries and benefits reflect hiring to support overall business growth and execution of our strategic priorities, along with annual salary increments. Increased premises and equipment expenses reflect ongoing investment in technology infrastructure to support future growth as well as depreciation of our previous investments. Diluted and adjusted cash earnings per share of $0.82 and $0.83 were up 9% and 4%, respectively. The higher growth rate of diluted earnings per share reflected the recognition of a $5 million charge for acquisition-related fair value changes in the first

quarter last year related to the successful and accretive acquisition of CWB Maxium.

You’ll see on Slide 7 that total loans were up 7% over the past year with positive contributions from all provinces. Central and eastern Canada continued to lead growth by geographic market with very strong 11% growth, representing roughly 40% of our overall increase in loans. Growth in this market was again underpinned by strong performance from our businesses with a national footprint, including CWB Maxium, CWB National Leasing, and CWB Franchise Finance. Our growth expectations for our business lines remain unchanged as we continue our progress towards our strategic goal for Ontario to represent

a third of the overall portfolio. 6% growth in both BC and Alberta reflected expansion across all portfolios other than a contraction in real estate loans through successful completion of multiple projects.

We delivered further industry diversification with very strong 11% growth in general commercial loans that reflected ongoing efforts to target business owner clients and increase full-service relationships across our national footprint. General commercial loans now represent 30% of the total loan portfolio compared to 29% a year ago. Personal loans and mortgages increased 10%, primarily reflecting A mortgage growth to leverage our securitization capabilities. Total loans within CWB Optimum Mortgage increased 1% from last year. We have experienced higher payout levels due to competitive pressures and

the refinement of our risk appetite within the alternative mortgage market, which includes a preference for stronger borrowers. Ongoing enhancements to our A insured mortgage lending capabilities and more risk-sensitive pricing with the option of ARB are expected to support stronger client retention and new growth in future periods.

Commercial mortgages increased 10% compared to last year with approximately 75% of the annual growth coming in this quarter, primarily from very strong new lending volumes across BC and Alberta. Strong 7% growth of equipment financing and leasing reflected increases across all provinces, while real estate project loans declined 11%, primarily driven by the impact of successful project completions. A number of large projects that began to fund as early as 2016 have been successfully completed and paid out over the past two years. Sequentially, our loan growth was up 1%. While this level of net growth was impacted by elevated paydowns, we had stronger fundings across the entire book this quarter and are

comfortable with our pipeline of new lending opportunities moving into the second quarter.

Turning to Slide 8, gross impaired loans totalled $243 million at January 31. That compares to $136 million last year and $148 million last quarter, representing 84 basis points of gross loans this quarter, up from 51 basis points last year and 52 basis points last quarter. The majority of the increase in impaired loans relates to two commercial mortgage connections based in Alberta and excluding these two connections our gross impaired loans were approximately 60 basis points. As we’ve said before, the level of gross impaired loans fluctuates as new impairments are identified and existing impaired loans are either

resolved or written off and does not directly reflect the dollar value of expected write-offs given the tangible security we hold to support our lending exposures. The overall loan portfolio is reviewed quarterly with credit decisions undertaken on a case-by-case basis to provide early identification of possible adverse trends.

We continue to carefully monitor the entire loan portfolio for signs of weakness and have not identified any current or emerging systemic issues.

At January 31 our total allowance for credit losses was $116 million compared to $113 million a year ago and $115 million last quarter. Our allowance for stage one and two performing loans was $91 million compared to $90 last year and $89 million last quarter. The overall credit quality of our portfolio continues to reflect our secured lending business model, disciplined underwriting practices, and proactive loan management. Our expected and actual credit losses remain low, despite the two loan connections that made up the bulk of our new impaired loan formations this quarter. We remain confident in the strength, diversity, and underwriting structure of our overall loan portfolio. We continue to expect fiscal 2020 credit

losses to remain consistent with our historical experience.

Turning to Slide 9, the first quarter provision for credit losses on total loans as a percentage of average loans was 18 basis points compared to 24 basis points last year and 19 basis points last quarter. The provision for credit losses on performing loans of 3 basis points compares to 2 basis points last year and 1 basis point last quarter. The first quarter provision on performing loans primarily relates to a slightly higher proportion of the portfolio in stage two, which, under IFRS 9, requires the recognition of lifetime expected credit losses. The provision for credit losses on impaired loans in the first quarter of 15 basis points includes consideration of the new impaired loan formations this quarter and compares to 18 basis points last quarter and 22 basis points last year. As I’ve noted, we manage impaired loans on a case-by-case basis and have reviewed each individual impaired loan exposure.

Slide 10 demonstrates our success in executing on key strategic objectives to grow and diversify funding sources. We delivered robust branch-raised deposit growth of 18% over the past year, including 26% growth of demand and notice deposits. About half of this growth came from our banking branches, a third from Motive Financial, and the remainder from CWB Trust Services. Our on-strategy growth in branchraised deposits will be supported by digital on-boarding capability for personal banking clients in Motive Financial this year, followed by our remaining digital and branch channels over the next two years.

Our robust branch-raised deposit growth contributed to a 15% reduction in the total balance of broker deposits in the past year and an 8% sequential reduction. The reduction of our reliance on the deposit broker network is another of our strategic priorities, but I do want to note that this funding source remains a reliable and effective way to raise insured, fixed-term retail deposits over a wide geographic base and has proven to be a deep and liquid funding source for us. We increased our total funding raised through the debt capital markets by 31% from last year and this channel now represents 14% of total deposits, up from 11% last year.

Securitization funding recorded as debt on our balance sheet increased 12% to support originations of equipment leases and residential mortgages.

Slide 11 highlights our solid track record of net interest income and total revenue growth along with the changes in our net interest margin. Despite a competitive operating environment, we continue to win and expand client relationships, grow our business presence, and deliver steady increases in revenues and earnings. Compared to last year, net interest margin was up 4%, reflecting 7% loan growth partially offset by a 7 basis points decrease in the net interest margin. Consistent with our strategy to become the best

full-service bank for business owners in Canada, we’ve shifted the mix of our loan portfolio to a higher proportion of comparatively lower yielding but highly strategic and relationship-based general commercial loans. We’ve largely offset the margin impact by also delivering a favourable shift in our funding mix, driven by strong branch-raised deposit growth and a decline in higher-cost broker deposits.

This positive shift in our funding mix came at a time of intense deposit price competition and overall higher funding costs. The reduction in our net interest margin year over year and sequentially also reflected a 1 basis point negative impact related to the prospective adoption of IFRS 16, the new lease accounting standard, which requires the recognition of interest expense on lease liabilities. In prior years, all lease-related expenses were included in premises expense.

On a sequential basis, our net interest margin decreased 1 basis point. Support for net interest margin was driven by very strong growth in branch-raised deposits, which largely offset the continued competition-driven increase in funding costs and the 1 basis point negative impact of adopting IFRS 16. Looking forward, as a result of the timing of loan growth and ongoing shifts in our loan mix, our expected growth in annual net interest income may moderate slightly on a full-year basis.

You’ll see on slide 12 that our efficiency ratio of 45.5% was consistent with our expectations and compares to 44.4% last year and 48.2% in the previous quarter. Compared to last year, the efficiency ratio increased as non-interest expense growth reflecting our strategic investment in people, technology, and infrastructure outpaced revenue growth. The improvement from last quarter reflected the seasonal decline in non-interest expenses. Operating leverage this quarter was negative 2.6% compared to positive 0.4% last year and negative 3.4% last quarter, reflecting the same factors as the efficiency discussion. As we’ve noted before, we expect quarterly volatility of operating leverage to continue, reflecting the timing of execution of our strategic priorities. We continue to expect to deliver slightly positive operating leverage on a full-year basis with an efficiency ratio relatively consistent with our 46% three-year average.

Slide 13 shows our strong capital ratios. At January 31, and calculated using the standardized approach, our common equity tier-one ratio was 9.1%, tier-one ratio was 10.6%, and our total capital ratio was 11.9%. At 8.4%, our Basel III leverage ratio remains very strong. With AIRB approval, we expect a reduction in our risk-weighted assets, which would increase our regulatory capital ratios and put us on a more equal footing with our competition and expand our addressable market. We do not expect a material impact to our financial results in fiscal 2020 but, as Chris mentioned, we are excited about the potential for enhanced, long-term value creation that the transition to AIRB opens up for us. Yesterday our board declared a common share dividend of $0.29 per share, up $0.02 or 7% from the dividend declared a year ago and up $0.01 or 4% from last quarter.

And with that, I’ll now turn the call back to Chris.

Chris Fowler

Thank you, Carolyn. Motive Financial clients will receive our first delivery of digital banking in May. We are making the investments required to improve client experience across our group to support continuing growth and strong financial performance. We are very close to achieving the 30-30-30 diversification objective for BC, Alberta, and Ontario we set a number of years ago to materially diversify both our client base and broaden our geographic footprint. BC is our largest geography, Ontario is our strongest growth, and Alberta

continues to provide sound business opportunities. Through continued strategic execution, we are positioned to capture increased market share within a larger, cross-Canada addressable market. Our pipeline of new lending is robust and we continue to target delivery of double-digit annual growth, where prudent. We remain on track to deliver strong net earnings, in line with our previous expectations.

We’re excited about the transformational opportunities in the year ahead as we roll out digital banking and move our AIRB application into the final stage for submission, with regulatory approval expected prior to the fiscal year end. The significant progress our teams are making to transform our funding and capital management and to diversify our client base will accelerate our growth. I am confident that our transformation will support increased long-term value for all those who choose CWB, our clients, our people, and our investors.

With that, I’ll turn it back over to Matt.

Matt Rudd

Thanks, Chris. And that concludes our formal presentation for today. Jessica, can you please open the line for the question-and-answer period?

Question-and-Answer Session


Yes, thank you. Ladies and gentlemen, we will now begin the question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] Your first question is from Meny Grauman of Cormark Securities. Please go ahead.

Meny Grauman

Hi. Good morning. I wanted to follow up, Carolyn, on what you mentioned about, because of the timing of loan growth the expected increase in net interest income may moderate, so I just wanted to clarify what you meant by that and what are you assuming in terms of the rate outlook when you make that statement as well.

Carolyn Graham

So, in our 2019 annual report we talked about total revenue NII growth of high-single digits. Clearly, when loan growth is slow in the first quarter — as it was geared more towards the remaining three quarters of the year — that will have a revenue impact, so we’ve just moderated the comment there on the outlook for net interest income. On the margin perspective, we’ve not changed our expectation for one Bank of Canada rate coming mid-year.

Meny Grauman

And in terms of the outlook for loan growth — like how quickly do you expect loan growth to move back to the more normal range? Will we see that in Q2 or do you think it’ll take longer than that?

Carolyn Graham

We’re positive about what we have in the pipeline. We’re positive about the loans that have been approved and waiting for the clients to request funding of them.

Meny Grauman

And in terms of the build in stage two, is that just tied to the commercial mortgage exposure in Alberta or is there something else that’s driving that?

Carolyn Graham

The drive to stage two, the majority of that increase was simply due to client characteristics. So, there are a certain number of hard thresholds that if a client passes they move into stage two. There was a little bit coming from the macroeconomic forecast and the impact on conditional PD, but individual client characteristics were the majority of the factor.

Meny Grauman

And then finally, just on taxes, so there was another tax cut in Alberta on January 1st. So I’m just wondering, in terms of the outlook for the tax rate, should we assume that there’s still more of a benefit coming starting in Q2?

Carolyn Graham

So, the full-year guidance that we had in our annual report would have included the expected increase of this second January 1st reduction.

Meny Grauman

Okay. Thank you.

Carolyn Graham

Thanks Meny.


Your next question comes from Gabriel Dechaine of National Bank Financial. Please go ahead.

Gabriel Dechaine

Hi. I just want to follow up on that description of the, you know, the build in stage two and change in client characteristics. Can you give me a bit more information on that please?

Carolyn Graham

So, the criteria that moves a client into stage two: one would be being on our watch list. Another one would be a hard deadline of 30 days past due would put you in there and potentially other characteristics.

Gabriel Dechaine

Are we talking about a handful of borrowers or is there a broader group?

Carolyn Graham

Yeah, it’s only about a 1% shift in the total portfolio between what’s in stage two this quarter versus what’s in stage two last quarter, so it’s across the portfolio.

Gabriel Dechaine

I meant like on the watch list. That’s not a number that ever gets disclosed but are we talking a couple names added to the watch list here and nothing crazy?

Chris Fowler

I would say, Gabe, it’s nothing crazy. There’s definitely a change. I think we had three basis points this quarter, one last quarter, and two the prior quarter —

Carolyn Graham

In the PCL — Performing loan allowance.

Chris Fowler

Yeah, in the performing loan allowance. It’s a number that will move around. I think the IFRS 9 process does create more volatility in this number. But, from a credit perspective, we clearly follow these fairly closely.

Carolyn Graham

From the information that’s in the quarter, Gabe, there’s the information on the gross impaired both by province and by type of portfolio. In the depth of the IFRS 9 note —where we actually break the portfolio between low risk, medium risk, the watch list — You can find the watch list in there. And then you also have the characteristic of past due but not impaired loans in the notes as well and you can see there that that has remained relatively constant from the prior quarters.

Gabriel Dechaine

Okay, I’ll take a look. And then those impairments, one we anticipated clearly, it was in the news. The other one is a separate borrower? It’s not the same borrower with different properties elsewhere?

Chris Fowler

Yes. Different borrower, different properties, yeah.

Gabriel Dechaine

Got it. And, Carolyn, you said that the impaired provision this quarter reflected some of that action. Did you take any provision or is it one of those situations where we see a big impairment but you don’t actually expect the loss to come through because you’re very comfortable with the security?

Carolyn Graham

We take a hard look at every single loan that’s in the gross impaired category and record the specifics that we think are appropriate against them. So, we have taken a specific against some commercial mortgage exposures in this quarter.

Gabriel Dechaine

And then just to wrap up, the real estate project loan book was down nearly $300 million sequentially. I assume that’s what you’re talking about on timing of loan growth, that particular portfolio. Like this was anticipated or wasn’t it? And do you still expect that portfolio to grow this year?

Chris Fowler

Real estate project loans, the best outcome is they pay out. And they are — And that’s a positive thing. So we look at loan funding, so we also had very strong loan fundings. Our Q4 loan fundings was the third highest in the last eight quarters, but offset by loan paydowns. In terms of that particular book, we’ve actually had good originations over the last two quarters, but of course they fund over time. So we continue to be active market with strong tier-one borrowers and we’re comfortable that we will see resumption of loan growth there, but again, it’s all a timing thing. We had quite a volume of loans that we advanced through 2016 and 2017 which have come to completion and are repaying. So it’s a strong portfolio and an area that we consider fundamental to our credit exposures.

Gabriel Dechaine

Thank you.

Chris Fowler

Thanks, Gabe.


Your next question comes from Doug Young with Desjardins. Please go ahead.

Doug Young

Good morning. Just a few things. Just on the stage-two migration, and a lot of my questions have been answered on that, but is there any particular category or is there any particular region where you’re seeing more? I mean I can see it’s all in your business loan, or it looks to be all in your business loan category, but can you break it down maybe a little bit more granular?

Carolyn Graham

Not really anything that jumps out off the top of my head. We can go back and have a look and circle back with you, Doug, but there isn’t anything that’s top of mind.

Chris Fowler

There’s no particular—I mean clearly, from a gross impaired loan perspective, these are commercial mortgages that have come into that category, but beyond that there’s no, we don’t see any systemic change in the portfolios. They’re essentially the normal course of the flow of credit as some companies become challenged and we monitor it and report it appropriately.

Doug Young

And, sorry, did you say it was more on the commercial mortgage side?

Chris Fowler

The gross impaired loans are, yes.

Doug Young

Sorry, I’m talking just the stage one, stage two. All right. And then just on the two mortgages that went through your formations, can you talk a bit about the coverage ratio on that or have you talked about that?

Chris Fowler

So we had those two credits, one we talk about quite a bit. It was in the press throughout the second quarter. None of the loans in there for us were in default when the issue occurred. They of course became impaired given the receivership that has ensued in that program. We will follow our way through those loans and manage our exposures appropriately. And in the other case, again, it was another borrower who ran into challenges and became impaired. As we look at the value of security against loan advances, we feel very comfortable in the level of specifics that we have in place, the PCLs we put up. So, we look very deeply into these loans to ensure that we appropriately provided and we’re comfortable with our exposures.

Doug Young

Like you’re not expecting any further adjustments on this in future quarters? You think you’ve done a thorough enough job on that?

Chris Fowler

Yes. Things can change Doug, but based on all the information we have today we’re very comfortable with the numbers we’ve reported.

Doug Young

And then just on the funding. It looks like you’re doing a great job in terms of branch-raised deposits, it feels like you’re benefitting from that from a cost of funding perspective ,but that’s being offset by higher deposited rate cost due to competition, as you mentioned. Are there promotions in your system that some of this kind of falls away in future quarters? Or is this something that you expect to get a benefit from actually raising more of the branch-raised deposits but the increased competition kind of takes a little bit back away from that?

Carolyn Graham

Yeah. The overall strategic priority to strengthen the franchise to grow branch-raised deposits to develop more multi-product client relationships, this result is absolutely on strategy for that, so we’re very pleased. It has never been our practice to offer what might be called promotional rates where they are high for a short period of time and then drop back down. But yeah, so we have gained a reputation for posting attractive rates and holding them steady over time. We get lots of questions about our Motive Savvy Savings Account and that is one of the accounts that falls into what we call ‘administered rate accounts’ where they don’t move in accordance with prime but we have the ability to change them as the market

changes and as the yield curve moves.

Doug Young

Okay. And then just two number questions. Did I hear that you’re still aiming to get positive operating leverage in fiscal 2020? And then can you remind us what your NIM outlook is relative to what you just posted in Q1 for the rest of the year? Thanks.

Carolyn Graham

So, operating leverage, we are still anticipating slightly positive operating leverage and recognizing that that will be volatile from one quarter to the next. And on the NIM forecast, what we talked about at year end was that we have been in a band of 250 to 260 for quite a period of time. Our expectations were for NIM for the year to be somewhere in the middle of that band and we delivered 254 in the first quarter. It’s still early on but we’ve moderated the net interest income outlook a touch, but still remain comfortable on the NIM side.

Doug Young

Thank you.


[Operator Instructions] Your next question comes from Nigel D’Souza with Veritas. Please go ahead.

Nigel D’Souza

Thank you. Good morning. I wanted to circle back on the impaired loans you took in the formations this quarter. I want to pivot to actually the total number of accounts classified as impaired. So, when I look at that number it’s at 367 this quarter, so that’s about a little over a 10% increase quarter over quarter, and you’ve highlighted two commercial mortgage accounts driving formations, so could you speak to what’s leading to the increase in total number of accounts? Are those smaller files? And how much of the formation that you took was actually related to the commercial mortgage files that you mentioned?

Carolyn Graham

Of the overall increase in gross impaireds, probably three-quarters to 80% of it was related to those two connections that we’ve talked about. On the number of loans that are impaired, off the top of my head I believe the majority of that number increase relates to residential mortgages on the personal side. And the other increase would be just smaller dollar individual smaller outstandings.

Nigel D’Souza

Got it. And if I could squeeze one last question in on the outlook for performing loan losses, with recent market volatility, if there’s more commodity price pressure, could you maybe just speak to — maybe at a higher level — how does that impact your performing loan losses going forward?

Carolyn Graham

So, specifically, the price of oil, if we look at that only as a single metric, is a factor in a couple of our models, but it’s not the major factor. So, the more significant impact would be the knock-on impact that that could have on GDP or unemployment. Those are the two most significant macro factors that impact our models.

Nigel D’Souza

Thanks. That’s very helpful. Appreciate it.


There are no further questions at this time. Please proceed.

Chris Fowler

Okay. Well, thank you, Jessica, and thank you, everyone on the line, for joining us and for your continued interest in CWB. We look forward to reporting our second quarter financial results on May 25. And with that, I wish you all a good morning. Thank you.


Ladies and gentlemen, this concludes your conference call for today. We thank you for participating and ask that you please disconnect your lines.

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American Airlines suspending flights to Milan after U.S. travel warning By Reuters

By David Shepardson

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – American Airlines Inc (O:) will suspend all U.S. flights to Milan, the airline said late on Saturday, just hours after the U.S. State Department said it was raising its travel warning for parts of Italy due to the coronavirus outbreak.

Italy is experiencing Europe’s worst outbreak of the infectious disease, with more than 1,100 confirmed cases and 29 deaths. The country’s outbreak emerged last week about 40 miles (60 km) from Milan, Italy’s financial capital in the country’s north.

American said it will suspend flights to and from Milan, from New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport and Miami through April 24, citing a reduction in demand.

On Saturday, the Trump administration raised its travel advisory alert to “Level 4 – Do Not Travel” to Lombardy and Veneto in Italy “due to the level of community transmission of the virus and imposition of local quarantine procedures.”

Milan is the capital of the Lombardy region. Vice President Mike Pence said on Saturday that the U.S. State Department will work with Italy to coordinate medical screening of any individuals coming to the United States.

American said its final flight will return from Milan on Sunday.

American will continue to operate a single daily flight to Italy — between Philadelphia and Rome in each direction. American is scheduled to resume seasonal service to Venice in May.

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